Title: Route Infrastructure and the Risk of Injuries to Bicyclists: A Case-Crossover Study
Prepared by: Kay Teschke, PhD, M. Anne Harris, PhD, Conor C. O. Reynolds, PhD, Meghan Winters, PhD, Shelina Babul, PhD, Mary Chipman, MA, Michael D. Cusimano, MD, PhD, Jeff R. Brubacher, MD, MSc, Garth Hunte, MD, PhD, Steven M. Friedman, MD, MPH, Melody Monro, MPA, Hui Shen, PhD, Lee Vernich, MSc, and Peter A. Cripton, PhD
Prepared for: American Journal of Public Health
Date: December 2012
Summary: This research compares the cycling injury risks of 14 route types and other route
infrastructure features. Researchers of this study recruited 690 city residents injured while cycling in Toronto and Vancouver, Canada. A case-crossover design compared route infrastructure at each injury site to that of a randomly selected control site from the same trip. Researchers have found that the lower risks on quiet streets and with bike-specific infrastructure along busy streets support the route-design approach used in many northern European countries. Transportation infrastructure with lower bicycling injury risks merits public health support to reduce injuries and promote cycling.