Title: Bike-sharing: History, Impacts, Models of Provision, and Future
Prepared by: Paul DeMaio, Metrobike, LLC
Prepared for: Journal of Public Transportation
Summary: This paper discusses the history of bike-sharing from the early 1st generation program to present day 3rd generation programs. Included are a detailed examination of models of provision, with benefits and detriments of each, and a description of capital and operating costs. The paper concludes with a look into the future through discussion about what a 4th generation bike-sharing program could be.